Positive Behavior Support Plans & Strategies (PBSPs, PBIPs, EBS)
Positive Behavior Support Plans are often used to help individuals with autism increase appropriate behavior outside of ABA therapy, such as in the classroom or in the community. Positive Behavior Support Plans help individuals with autism practice appropriate skills, create additional learning opportunities, and minimize negative interactions or barriers to learning or communicating with others.
What is a positive behavior support plan?
A Positive Behavior Support Plan provides strategies and techniques that can be used to help reduce problem behavior and reinforce desired skills and behavior. The Positive Behavior Support Plan often outlines how parents, teachers, or other professionals should offer reinforcement when an individual with autism uses appropriate behavior. These plans also provide guidance around how to respond to problem behavior and how to prevent this behavior from occurring.
Behavior Support in the Classroom
Positive Behavior Support Plans can help individuals with autism increase appropriate behavior while in the classroom. By tracking behaviors and providing reinforcement and praise, these plans can help individuals generalize skills they’ve learned in ABA therapy to the classroom environment. Depending on the child’s needs, Positive Behavior Support Plans used in the classroom can:
- Help children with autism excel in school settings
- Reinforce desired and appropriate behavior
- Create a consistent environment that eliminates triggers for problem behavior
Autism Positive Behavior Strategies for Educators
In providing an autism treatment plan for educators, Trumpet Behavioral Health uses positive behavior strategies, such as Positive Behavior Support Plans (PBSPs) which are part of the Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) curriculum. A positive behavior support plan emphasizes positive behavior based on the unique characteristics of students on the autism spectrum. Trumpet Behavioral Health supports this positive approach to modifying the challenging behavior of students with autism.
As a first step in developing positive behavior strategies, the Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) completes a functional assessment (FBA, FAA). This information then becomes part of the positive behavior plan and can be used to help:
- Prevent problem behavior in the child with autism by making changes in the environment and in the way teachers, staff and others interact with the child
- Teach new strategies and skills to children on the autism spectrum, so that they can meet their needs in appropriate ways
- Reinforce appropriate behavior on the part of the child with autism, by providing positive rewards and consequences
- Maintain a consistent environment, so that problem behaviors are eliminated
Behavior Support for Healthcare Professionals
Positive Behavior Support Plans can help individuals with autism generalize behavior they’ve learned during therapy sessions. For example, a child’s Behavior Support Plan might consist of practicing a specific skill, like sitting in a chair. By using the plan’s strategies for reinforcing this behavior, the individual can apply this skill to the waiting room and the doctor’s office itself.
Positive Behavior Support Plan Examples
Positive Behavior Support Plans often focus on reinforcing and generalizing a specific skill. For example, if a child is learning toilet training in ABA therapy sessions, their plan may focus on generalizing this skill to other scenarios. Using the strategies outlined in a Positive Behavior Support Plan, individuals in the child’s life can help them generalize this behavior to the school setting, at home, and in the community.
Positive Behavior Support Plan Template
Positive Behavior Support Plans are customized to every individual with autism. However, Trumpet follows a general framework for creating this type of plan:
- Identification of functions
- Development of the treatment plan and relevant support plans
- Safety measures and crisis plan to maintain client safety
- Data collection and reinforcement schedule
- Staff and parent training plan